Sunday, October 18, 2009

Gestalt Psychology

The formal definition for Gestalt Psychology is a theory of mind and brain proposes that the operational principle of the brain is holistic, parallel, and analog, with self-organizing tendencies, or that the whole is different from the sum of its parts. In short Gestalt psychology is a theory of the mind/brain and how it visually recognizes forms and figures as a whole and emphasizes that the whole of anything is greater than its parts. The Gestalt effect refers to the form-forming capability of our senses, particularly with respect to the visual recognition of figures and whole forms instead of just a collection of simple lines and curves.


THE 4 KEY PRINCIPLES OF THE GESTALT SYSTEM:

There are four key principles of Gestalt systems are emergence, reification, multistability, and invariance.


Emergence:
is the ability to see recognizable objects/shapes in an image that is actually not made out of real objects/shapes. Such as in this image where you should be able to see the image of a dog smelling the ground.






Reification:
is the ablity to see shapes because of their surrounding shapes and not because the shape itself has been drawn. Such as in the first drawing there is not an actual triangle drawn but we can see the triangle because of the negative space created by the cutouts in the circles.




Multistability:
is the ability to see two or more images coexist within the same shape or outline. However, We usually can't see both images at the same time. Such as in the second image you may see either a vase or two heads looking at eachother.

Invariance:
is when one object or shape is changed somehow, either by flipping, rotating, scaleing, etc. it is still recognizable as the same object or shape. Such as in all of these examples no matter what you do to the shape you can still tell they are all the same object.







THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLE OF GESTALT PERCEPTION:
The fundamental principle of gestalt perception is the law of pr├Ągnanz which says our minds tend to order our experience in a manner that is regular, orderly, symmetric, and simple. This principle contains the Law of: closer, similarity, proximity, symmetry, continuity, and common fate. They are often called the "Gestalt Laws".

The "Gestalt Laws":

Law of Closure: we can see a closed object or shape when we are given enough information.

Law of Similarity: we put similar elements together and see them as a collective entity depending on their shape, size, color, texture, etc.
Law of Proximity: we make groups of images depending on their spacial relationships.

Law of Symmetry: we put images together if they have similar symmetry

Law of Continuity: after seeing a pattern on paper we will continue that pattern our mind

Law of Common Fate: we group elements that show the same movement and flow of line



Class Schedule

Next semester is my last semester so I don't have to many classes to still take. I am just finishing up my last few which are:

- ICAP
- Prof. Practice
- Watercolor
- Contemporary Art and Design

I have never taking lease then 16 hours so lucky I am only going to have to take 12 next semester.

Sunday, August 23, 2009

Semiotics

Semiotics is the study of signs, the production of meaning. Knowing, then, becomes a system of relations; and thus semiotics becomes a means to help us identify the nature of relationships. What sparks relationships and what constitutes meaning in terms of signs (icons, indexes, and symbols) results in our knowledge. Simply put semiotics is the study of the meaning of things. Also semiotics say that when you as an author of communication choose a particular form, or sign, as the vehicle for your communication your readers deduce meanings specific to their personal understanding and experience of that sign. Of course everyone has a different level of understanding and diversity of experience. But we can generally get pretty close to a successful communication of meaning if we try to think from within a target group's experience of signs.

Wednesday, August 19, 2009